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Show Me Tell Me questions with pictures

After completing formalities at the Test Centre and an eye test. your examiner is required to ask you two car safety and maintenance questions from databank of 19. one question will require you to demonstrate how to carryout a particular check and another which requires you to explain how you would carryout a check.

Show Me Tell Me questions
   Answers and explanations

Example: If you did not set your head restraint before starting on your journey and were to be involved in front or a rear accident, you are likely to incur serious neck injury which may leave you paralysed from head down. Therefore it is vital that you have thorough understanding of safety aspects of your vehicle.


If you get one or both the questions wrong, you will incur one driver fault which in itself will not fail you the test, but it may lead to a more serious situation during the test or even after you have passed which could end up being fatal.


1 Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check the engine has the correct level.

Under normal driving conditions you only need to do this, if your engine temperature gauge is showing abnormally high temperature in the instrument panel. Failure to address the problem could and up in a very expensive repair bill and may even lead to a total engine failure.
 A. Identify the engine coolant tank and check the minimum and maximum level indicator displayed on the side of the tank. If the coolant is below the minimum mark, more coolant (water) will need to be added. To do this, unscrew the tank cap when the engine is cold and pour in coolant until the maximum mark is reached.


2 Open the car bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir tank is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.

Unless your vehicle maintenance is seriously neglected or your vehicle has sustained damage to your braking system, the brake fluid levels remain within the markings. If the fluid level has dropped well below the lower level, which would signify a serious malfunction in the system and needs to be checked out, failure to address the problem may result in total loss of brakes with dangerous consequences.
A. Identify the hydraulic brake fluid reservoir tank and check the brake fluid level against the minimum / maximum level indicator.


3 Show me/explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.


Failure to address the problem could result in, you not being able to steer when most needed resulting in loss of vehicle control and possible accident.
 A. If the steering becomes heavy, the power assisted steering may be faulty. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made:

1) Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained whilst the engine is started, should result in slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. If testing when the car is stationary, steering will be extremely difficult to operate.

2) Turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assisted steering is functioning correctly. Steering should be very easy as the car begins to move off if all is working as it should.
4 Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.

Failure to address the problem could lead to an engine seizure and a very expensive engine rebuild or a new engine.
A. Identify the dipstick, remove the dipstick and wipe clean the end where the minimum and maximum level indicator is and fully reinsert. Remove once again and check the oil level against the minimum and maximum markings.


5 Open the bonnet, identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is and tell me how you check the level?

Failure to address the problem could lead to not being able to see through the windscreen when most needed.
Just try driving with your eyes closed for five seconds and see what happens.
( Not recommended unless you have your instructor next to you to help you out when things go wrong.)
 A. Identify reservoir tank, lift off cap and make a visual check of level as there are no external markings on windscreen washer reservoirs. Check reservoir regularly.


6 Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).

Just imagine you are unable to warn others of an imminent danger.
 A. Press the horn and listen (turn on ignition if necessary).




7 Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you. If you need to switch the ignition on, please don't start the engine).

Same reasons as horn,if you can't tell someone as to what you are about to do, then you are likely to catch them unaware and the likely hood of an accident would increase.
 A. Whilst pressing the brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc. Or ask someone to help (the examiner). (may need to switch ignition on, prompt not to start engine)



 8 Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.

Spongy brake pedal is usually due to loss of brake fluid from the brake system. Car pull to one side when one side of the braking system is working whilst other side is malfunctioning.
A. Just as you move off operate brakes. They should not feel spongy and the car should not pull to one side.


 9 Tell me how you would check that the headlights and tail lights are working.

Failure to address the problem may lead to, you not being able to see others at night or more importantly others not seeing you.
A. Turn on lights (turn ignition if necessary), walk around car and check that the lights are on.


10 Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working correctly.

Same as Horn and brake light.
 A. Activate the indicators or hazard warning lights and walk around the car to see if all the indicators are working correctly. Operating the hazard warning lights is the preferred method as the ignition will not need to be switched on.
11 Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.

Correct tyre pressures are matter of life and death. That is not an overstatement. A tyre which is under inflated has too much flex in it and is prone to damage internally and premature failure. A over inflated tyre is susceptible to a blowout and a potential death trap.
 A. Information will be found using the car manufacturer's guide/manual. Check the tyre pressures by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold. Don't forget the spare tyre and remember to refit the valve caps.

 12 Show me how you would check the hand (parking) brake for excessive wear.

Just imagine you are at a top of a steep hill and can’t get your hand brake to work.
 A. Firmly apply the foot brake to secure the car and apply the parking brake. When it is fully applied it should secure itself and not be at the end of its working travel. (Should be tension whilst lifting as the cable connecting the brakes to the lever tighten.)
 13 Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.


If you don’t know how to or did not set your head restraint before starting on your journey and were to be involved in an accident, you are likely to incur serious neck injury which may leave you paralysed from head down. Therefore it is vital that you have thorough understanding of safety aspects of your vehicle.
 A. The head restraint should be adjusted so the centre part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Note; some restraints might not be adjustable.
 

14
Tell me how you would check the tyres to show that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.

Just imagine you are on a ski slope and have no means of gaining grip when trying to stop.
 A. A safe tyre will have no cuts or bulges. Legally, the tread depth should be at least 1.6mm across the central 3/4 of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.


 15
Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.

If you don’t know how to use your buttons, is there any point in letting you loose on the roads.
A. Operate control and hold for approximately 3 seconds to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary). If asked this question on a driving test, ensure your windscreen is left clean after the initial clean. Sometimes 2 or 3 cleans are necessary.


16
Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.

A. Set all relevant controls including; fan, temperature, air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.

If you can’t see, how will you know where you are going?
17
Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.

Anti-lock in the braking system allows you to steer whilst maximising the grip available between road surface and tyres. If the warning light continually shows on the dash, it means that when you need to brake very hard, your wheels are likely to lock-up and send you into a skid.
 
A. Warning light should illuminate on dashboard if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.


18
Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.


If you don’t know how to use your buttons, is there any point in letting you loose on the roads.
 A. Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light









19 Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle).

In order for others to drive a safe distance from you it is vital that you make yourself visible. If can see less than100 meters in severe fog conditions, you are required by law to have your rear fog lights on so that others can make out what is happening in front of them.
A. Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use.
Purpose of rear fog lights is to enable you to warn following drivers of your presence in adverse weather like heavy fog, if other drivers get insufficient warning of your presence then they are more than likely to run into the back of you.